PSY 140, module 5 homework Intelligence Types
List and describe the seven types of intelligence according to Gardner and evaluate yourself on each of them. Where do you find personal strengths and weaknesses? For each of his intelligence types, discuss whether you believe it to be a valid measure of intelligence. Please access the LIRN Library to perform your research. At least two of the articles you select must be from peer-reviewed journals; you may have other references, as well. Include at least two scholarly references, in addition to the textbook.
The study is directed towards analyzing multiple intelligence theory. According to Sternberg, R. J. (2015), there are different types of intelligence and each is biased towards a certain group but through practice an individual can advance the residual types of intelligence. There are seven types of intelligence as identified by psychologist Howard Gardner of Harvard (Armstrong, T. 2014). The theory is as a result of modern intellectual research and the degree to which students possess diverse kind of minds to learn, remember, perform and understand in diverse ways. It involves the use of language, spatial representation, logical-arithmetic analysis, musical thinking, and the use of the body to solve challenges (Ekinci, B. 2014).
Visual-Spatial – It involves reasoning in terms of physical space like sailors and architect do as they are fully aware of the environments (Furnham, A. 2014). They like to do jigsaw puzzles, draw, daydream and read maps. The skills can be taught through verbal, drawings and physical imagery. The tools included are graphics, photographs, charts, drawings, video, 3-D modeling, multimedia, televisions, texts with graphs, and video conferencing. My intelligence in this learning style is below average. I find it difficult to interpret graphics and drawings (Sternberg, R. J. 2015).
Body-kinesthetic – It involves the use of the body effectively. Such people who possess this kind of intelligence include dancer and a surgeon. They have an intense sense of body cognizance. They like touching, making things and movement (Shahzada, G., et al. 2014). They communicate well through body language and can be taught through physical activity, role playing, hands-on learning, and acting out (Furnham, A. 2014). The tools included in this type of intelligence include real objects. I am average in this kind of intelligence as I can be able to dance though not perfectly (Armstrong, T. 2014).
Musical – they show compassion to rhythm and sound. They adore music but they are also sensitive to sounds in their specific environments. They can study well with music playing in the background. In this type of people, teaching can be well implemented by turning lessons into lyrics, tapping out time and speaking rhythmically. The tools involved include the radio stereo, musical instruments, multimedia and CD-ROM (Ekinci, B. 2014). I consider my intelligence in this as slightly below average. I do not get a lot of concepts when the music is playing and I am forced to shut the radio stereo down to get a better understanding.
Interpersonal – the kind of people who possess this kind of intelligence understand by interacting with other people. The students learn through interaction. They have many friends and they have empathy for other people. According to Furnham, A. (2014), they are street smart. Interpersonal intelligent people can be taught through dialogues, seminars, and group activities. The tools involved in the study include audio conferencing, video conferencing, telephone, time and attention from the instructor, writing, E-mail, and computer conferencing (Sternberg, R. J. 2015). I am excellent in this type of intelligence. I can be able to interact well with people through seminars and dialogues. I learn a lot through interaction with other people.
Intrapersonal – They comprehend one’s interests and goals (Shahzada, G., et al. 2014). The students tend to shy away from others. They have intuition, wisdom, motivation and are in tune with the innermost feelings. Also, they have confidence and strong will when giving out their opinion. They can learn well through self-examination and independent study (Sternberg, R. J. 2015). The tools involved in the study include privacy, time, books, creative materials, and diaries. It is not my character to shy away from others but sometimes I admire privacy. So I think I am average in intrapersonal style.
Linguistic – They use words effectually and effectively. The learners have highly developed auditory skills and they often think in words. They adore reading, making stories and poetry, and playing word games. They can learn through encouraging them to read books, and say and see words (Armstrong, T. 2014). The tools include tape recorder, computer, games, books, and lecture. I am poor in linguistic as I may read a poem even thrice without being able to interpret it.
Logical-Mathematical – it involves reasoning and calculations. They think abstractly, conceptually, and they are able to explore patterns and relationships (Sternberg, R. J. 2015). They are fond of solving puzzles, experiment, and ask cosmic questions. They learn through logic games, mysteries and investigations (Ekinci, B. 2014). They need to learn and formulate concepts before they can deal with details. I am good in arithmetic. I can be able to analyze patterns and relationships with ease.
In conclusion, the paper has explored the seven diverse types of intelligence according to Gardner. It has argued that there are different learning styles and it is advantageous for a learner to focus on the learning style that suites them. I find my personal strength in interpersonal skills and my weakness in linguistics. However, given time and practice I can be able to improve on my areas of weakness and further capitalize on my strength.
Armstrong, T. (2014). You’re smarter than you think: A kid’s guide to multiple intelligences. Free Spirit Publishing.
Ekinci, B. (2014). The relationships among Sternberg’s Triarchic Abilities, Gardner’s multiple intelligences, and academic achievement. Social Behavior and Personality: an international journal, 42(4), 625-633.
Furnham, A. (2014). Increasing your intelligence: Entity and incremental beliefs about the multiple “intelligences”. Learning and Individual Differences, 32, 163-167.
Shahzada, G., Khan, U. A., Noor, A., & Rahman, S. (2014). Self-Estimated Multiple Intelligences of Urban & Rural Students. Journal of Research Journal of Research and Reflections in Education, 8(2), 116-124.
Sternberg, R. J. (2015). Multiple intelligences in the new age of thinking. In Handbook of Intelligence (pp. 229-241). Springer New York.