Correlation and Causation

Requires Lopeswrite

Assessment Description

Correlation is the process of establishing a relationship between two or more factors. Correlation is an important concept that can be misused. One misuse is saying that factor A is caused by factor B just because correlation is found. Cause cannot be implied simply from correlation. Find two examples in scholarly articles within the last 10 years that use correlation analysis. One of the articles must use correlation to imply causation correctly and one article should not have justification to imply cause.

1.Summarize both articles in at least 500 words.

2.Explain why cause was appropriate in one article and not in the other.

3.What would be needed for the second article to justify a statement of cause?

While APA style is not required for the body of this assignment, solid academic writing is expected, and documentation of sources should be presented using APA formatting guidelines, which can be found in the APA Style Guide.

This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.


1.How to Distinguish Correlation From Causation in Orthopaedic Research

Read “How to Distinguish Correlation From Causation in Orthopaedic Research,” by Zaniletti, Larson, Lewallen, Berry, and Maradit Kremers, from Journal of Arthroplasty (2023).

This article illustrates the main concepts surrounding correlation and causation using intuitive real-world examples from the orthopedic literature.
Correlation, Causation, and Confusion

2.Read “Correlation, Causation, and Confusion,” by Barrowman, from The New Atlantis (2014).

This article discusses questions around the relationship between correlation and causation.

Rubric Criteria

Mechanics of Writing

Statement of Cause

Article Summaries
45 pionts

6 points

Explanation of Cause