Evolution and Intelligent Design

Question 1

What are the various forms of evidence for evolution?

Despite the differences in the creation and the evolution theory, they all try to explain the origin of the earth and the life in it. While the evolution theory was developed and is provided by scientists, the creation theory is provided in the sacred books such as the Bible.  Some of the various evidence for evolution include:

  1. Ancient organism remains – mainly found by Sir Charles down, these remains show the existence of an early life in the old world.
  2. Fossil layers – fossil layers often form the sedimentary rocks.
  3. The similarities among the living organisms – this similarity are a clear indication that living organisms came from a few common ancestors and changed to adapt to their new environments(Skinner, 2015).
  4. Similarities of embryos – embryos of many different kinds of animals look very similar, and it is often difficult to tell them apart.

Question 2

What are the various forms of evidence for intelligent design?

Various disciplines such as biology, astronomy, physics and cosmology clearly show the existence of intelligent design. In physics, the existence of the concept of cosmic tuning is approving that intelligent design exists. Additionally, the concept of the definitive beginning of the cosmos where Kalam argues that everything that begins to exist has a cause apart from itself, the universe began to exist and therefore, the universe has a cause apart from its self is a further proof of the existence of intelligent design.

Question 3

What are the similarities and differences between the evidence for evolution and intelligent design?

Charles Darwin stated that different species originated from shared ancestors with the difference in the organism being caused by adaptation to a different environment while intelligent design states that natural selection is not enough to bring about an aspect of life which we observe today therefore there must have been an intelligent designer.

However, both camps agree that there must have been the cause or the force that led to the existence of man or life apart from himself or life itself, but it is not clear which force or cause is it.

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Question 4

What are the differences between a scientist’s definition of a theory and the definition by a non-scientist?

Scientists define a theory as an explanation of a set of related observation or events based upon proven hypotheses and verified multiple times by detaching groups of researchers while non-scientists define a theory as a systematically organized knowledge applicable in a relatively wide variety of circumstances, especially a system of assumptions, accepted principles and rules of procedures formulated to analyze, predict and explain the nature or behavior of a particular phenomena (Anderson, 2012).

Question 5

How could antimicrobial resistance of bacteria and pesticide resistance of insects provide us with examples of natural selection or evolution?

The development of antibiotics and pesticide resistance is a clear indication that evolution by mutation and natural selection still exists in the world today. These resistances can be attributed to complex, built-in-genetics, and molecular biology defense systems in a phenomenon.

Question 6

Charles Darwin died before Gregor Mendel (also known as the Father of Genetics) shared his discoveries on the inheritance of traits. However, their research definitely complements one another. How could further research into genetics continue to help us understand the process of evolution?

Further research in genetics could widely reveal the reasons behind the falling rate of mortality, vaccines, and medicines that allow infants and older population to survive longer than before as well as the decreasing age of first birth due to biological concerns. Moreover, it could reveal that genetic response to selection is a very important aspect of evolution.

Works Cited

Anderson, D. Z. (2012). Intelligent Design” Real-Time Simulation for Smart Grid Control and                 Communications Design. IEEE power and energy magazine, 10(1), , 49-57.

Skinner, M. K. (2015). Environmental epigenetics and a unified theory of the molecular aspects               of evolution: a neo-Lamarckian concept that facilitates neo-Darwinian evolution. .                 Genome biology and evolution, 7(5), , 1296-1302.

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