Category Archives: Sociology

  Sociology Assignment Help

  Sociology Assignment Help

Sometimes, students’ lives can be stressful and challenging, especially when you have several classes to cover, and it’s even worse when you have practical classes with projects due in few days. Such scenarios lead students to submit very poorly written papers and retain or even drop out of their course.

If you are among students whose assignments are becoming a burden you need to seek essay writing help online.

Our sociology assignment help service will help you write thesis papers, dissertations, and all types of academic papers you may need in your course.Speedywriters.us is a one-stop market for all professional essay writing services. Before we get deep into our sociology homework help services, let first understand sociology.

How to Write a Sociology Assignment

There is no shame in needing some clarification regarding your sociology assignments. Like any other academic subject, sociology is governed by specific rules that you must familiarize yourself with before tackling an assignment comfortably. This article discusses sociology as a subject, standard features in a sociology assignment, and how to write a sociology assignment for good grades. Take a look.

What Is Sociology

Sociology is the scientific study of the institutions and individuals in a society, its functions, compositions, structure, and organization. Sociology aims to provide a clear understanding of society and the various changes that have affected its structure. Therefore, a sociology assignment would require you to answer a societal unknown (a question in a society whose answer you don’t already have. Your sociology assignment will help you analyze, understand, and compare different times in society; past, present, and future, thus broadening your understanding of the institutions of society.

Ideally, a sociology assignment will pose a research question, and you will be obliged to write and find sensible clues to it. As such, you must work on each aspect of the assignment to answer the research question comprehensively. Remember, your assignment can create grounds for more research with other students adding to it or attract written criticism. Since a sociology assignment is based on empirical evidence and observable experiences, you must conduct a methodical investigation of events; interpreting, explaining, and describing occurrences as they took place.

Structure of a Sociology Assignment Paper

  • Proposal

Your proposal can take up to two double-spaced pages. Unless your professor states otherwise, the standard page specifications are one-inch margins, size 12 font, and Times New Roman. You will be required to:

  1. Please provide a brief and concise description and explanation of your research topic, why you think it is relevant to the course and why you consider it a crucial study area.

  2. State and discuss your primary research question

  3. Point out your data source(s) and analysis method. Explain how you will collect data and how you intend to use it to discuss your research question.

  4. Explain the relevance of your data sources to the research question and how they further the research question.

  • Literature Review

As the name suggests, this ought to be a review of recent, valid literature on your research topic. Your review should summarize between 5 and 10 literary sources (these can only be journals or books, no news stories, and websites) that aren’t part of your course outline. Besides providing summaries, you must explain how the sources relate to each other, similar theories, conclusions, and the like. You can also critique their content that relates to your research. You can cite sources in your course outline, but ensure you have at least 5 “original” sources to be on the safe side. Also, you should explain how your research paper contributes, confirms, challenges, or complicates existing literature on your research topic.

  • Methods

Here you explain the research methods you employed and how appropriate they were in helping you answer your sociology research question. Remember to go deep into the details; how many surveys you conducted, the number of people you interviewed, and or how you chose text to analyze for your research if you used textual analysis.

  • Findings

In this section, you must make the main argument of your research paper. Explain the answer to your research question, including sections if you used them in your analysis. You must support your findings with data from your research including percentages, statistics, and quotes.

  • Discussion and Conclusion

This is basically a summary of your argument. Recapitulate how your findings support or challenge the data sources in your literature review and how they contribute to current literature. You can suggest pending questions you think ought to be researched and answered.

  • PowerPoint Presentation

Ideally, your research presentation should last about 5 minutes. Since this time isn’t enough to read over your entire research paper, you must provide brief but comprehensive explanations of each section of your project. Here, you can even draw conclusions from your course materials. You must be able to relay your research, arguments and draw connections in a logical manner while engaging with other students (your audience) for top marks.

Writing your sociology assignment may not be as easy as pie but with this guide, you simply cannot go wrong. And if you are short of time or still unsure of what is expected of you, feel free to reach out to us for our competitive and reliable essay writing service.

How Speedywriters can Help you with your Sociology homework 

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Speedywriters.us, we provide 24/7 sociology assignment help. Our support team is ready to answer all your doubts regarding our writing service. You can contact us through support chat or directly to our support email, and we will respond immediately.

Examples of sociology homework help you can get from Speedywriters.

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Apart from writing your homework, our tutors can provide you with reading notes that are critical for passing the exams. Below are some topics that we can help you with at Speedywriters.

  • Symbolic interaction is the primary sociology theory framework and looks into how people develop and rely on social interaction.

  • Conflict theory-Derived from Karl Marx’s work, this theory looks into how power produces social order.

  • Functionalist theory

  • Strain theory

  • The feminist theory looks into women’s and men’s status in society.

  • Chaos theory

  • Critical theory

  • Game theory

  • Social learning

  • Chaos theory

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Demographic Report of Jacksonville Town, Florida

Demographic Report

Introduction

Jacksonville City, Florida, is one of the largest city in the contiguous United State in terms of the area covered. The city became the largest following consolidation of other smaller cities within Florida. The city also holds the highest population among all other cities in the state of Florida. The city plays a number of administrative roles, including acting as Duval County’s county seat. Jacksonville City rests on a flat plateau extending over a large area. A high water table surrounds the city, meaning that the city is susceptible to flooding. Surface lakes found in Jacksonville area are shallow since the area lies on a plateau. To the east of Jacksonville is the Atlantic Ocean. The city experiences a subtropical climate – characterized by mild winters and hot humid summers. Jacksonville City is a metropolitan city, accommodating people from diverse ethnic and religious backgrounds. This paper presents an in-depth analysis of the socio-economic information about Jacksonville City, Florida.

Education

Jacksonville City has a high education completion or higher-level rate at 88.1 percent, and basing on individuals above the age of 24. This is basing on information collected from 5-year estimates conducted in the years 2010 to 2014. Of this number, only about 25.5 percent of those who graduated high school achieved a bachelor’s degree. The population segment in the ages between 18 to 24 years has an estimated 86,430 persons. Of this population, about 17.5 percent were yet to graduate high school. About 41.6 percent of this population hold some college or associate degree, while 8.2 percent hold a bachelor’s degree. For the population above 25 years, there are an estimated 555,271 persons. About 3.5 percent did not complete 9th grade. About 29.3 percent hold a high school diploma, while 23.6 percent have a college degree. Of this population segment, about 17.7 percent hold a bachelor’s degree (United States Census Bureau, 2016).

Jacksonville, Florida:

Education:

  • Male
  • Did not complete high school (n = 20,816)
  • Holds a college or associate degree (n = 37,337)
  • Bachelor’s degree (n = 53,163)
  • Female
  • Did not complete high (n = 16,759)
  • Holds a college or associate degree (n = 30,534)
  • Bachelor’s degree (n = 40,594)

Population

Jacksonville City has an estimated total population of 868,031 persons as per the 2015 population estimate. In 2014, the city had a total population of about 854,962 persons. This represents a 1.5 percent growth in the population during the year. In 2010, the city had an estimated total population of 821,784 residents. This indicates that the city’s total population has increased by 5.6 percent over the last 5 years (United States Census Bureau, 2016a). The 2014 estimates indicate that there were about 58,176 children under 5 years, which represent about 6.9 percent of the population. An estimated 195,832 persons were below 18 years. This represents 23.4 percent of the entire population. On the other hand, 76.6 percent of the population is above 18 years. There are an estimated 543,601 (65 percent) persons in the age bracket between 18 and below 65 years. There were about 98,100 persons above 64 years, representing 11.7 percent of the population (United States Census Bureau, 2016).

Jacksonville city, Florida

Total population: 868,031

  • Below 18 years – 23.4% (n = 195,832)
  • From 18 and 64 years – 65% (n = 543,601)
  • Above 64 years – 11.7% (n = 98,100)

Gender

The 2014 census estimates indicate that there were slightly more females than male in Jacksonville city. The estimated total number of males was 405,298 (or 48.4 percent) while the estimated number of females was 432, 235 (or 51.6 percent). Interestingly, there is more number of female children below 5 years compare to male in the same age bracket. There were an estimated 29,587 male children below 5 years and 28,528 female children within the same age bracket. At each successive age bracket, there are a decreasing number of males compared to the number of females within the same age bracket. From about 40 years of age, there are more females compared to male at each successive age levels. The difference widens further from age 65 and above. For the population segment above 60 years, the difference in the male/female ration is more significant. There are 62,821 (15.5%) males and 82,125 (19%) female (United States Census Bureau, 2016).

Jacksonville, Florida:

Gender:

  • Male
  • Total – 48.4% (n = 405,298)
  • Below 5 years – (n = 29,587)
  • Above 60 years – 15.5% (n = 62,821)
  • Female
  • Total – 51.6% (n = 432,235)
  • Below 5 years – (n = 28,528)
  • Above 60 years – 19% (n = 82,125)

Race and Income levels

Jacksonville city has an ethnically diverse population. From the 2014 census estimates, the whites dominate the population, comprising about 60.2 percent of the total population. African Americans come second comprising about 30.6 percent of the population. Asians comprise about 5.5 percent of the population. The Hispanics comprise about 8.2 percent of the population. Other races take up a relatively smaller fraction of the entire population. Other races represented include Mexicans, Cubans, and other minor tribes. With regard to income levels, about 662,541 individuals are above 16 years. Of this population, 436,218 (65.8%) are in the labor force. About 64.2 percent (425,653) are in the civilian labor force. The unemployed represent 7.3 percent (48,628) of the population above 16 years. A total of 226,323 (or 34.2%) are not in the labor force. Of the total 315,619 households sampled, only 27,735 (8.8%) earn less than $10,000. Majority of the households (18.3% or 57,812) earn between $50,000 and $74,999 (United States Census Bureau, 2016).

Jacksonville city, Florida:

Race:

  • Whites – 60.2% (n = 504,544)
  • African Americans – 30.6% (n = 256,641)
  • Asians – 4.4% (36,495)

Housing

In the housing sector, Jacksonville city has 369,318 housing units. About 85.5 percent (315,619) of the housing units had occupants. On the other hand, 14.5% (53,699) houses remained vacant by 2014. The homeowner vacancy rate stands at 2.8 while the rental vacancy rate stands at 9.4. The 1-unit, detached is the most common form of housing with a total 60.9 percent. Majority of the houses have 1 occupant per room. Specifically, about 98.9 percent of the houses have one occupant per room. Only a partial 0.2 percent has more than 1.51 occupants per room (United States Census Bureau, 2016).

Jacksonville, Florida:

Housing:

  • Total – (n = 369,318)
  • Occupied – 85.5% (n = 315,619)
  • Vacant – 14.5% (n = 53,699)
  • Average occupant per room – 1

The above statistics can help establish social stratification and social inequality trends in Jacksonville city. In the education sector, more men compared to women drop out before they graduate from high school. On the other hand, more males receive a bachelor’s degree compared to women. More males also proceed to earn graduate or professional degrees compared to women. This indicates why men dominate the employment sector and relatively earn higher incomes. The population estimates indicate that there are higher male births compare to female births. However, the mortality rate for males is higher comparing to that of females. This leads to higher number of females in the population, and at each successive age group.

About 65 percent of the population is between 18 and 65 years. This gives a low dependency ratio since majority of the people are engaged in the labor force. There are more whites in the population followed by African Americans. This means that the whites dominate most sectors of the economy, including the job and household sector. The Hispanics represent a relatively small segment of the population. Relatively higher number of males is in employment compared to females. This is likely due to the high education attainment level of males compared to females at every education level.

References

United States Census Bureau. (2016a). Quick facts: Jacksonville city, Florida. Retrieved from             http://www.census.gov/quickfacts/table/PST045215/1235000

United States Census Bureau. (2016). American fact finder: Jacksonville, Florida. Retrieved        from http://factfinder.census.gov/faces/nav/jsf/pages/community_facts.xhtml

The Application of NICE Guideline Recommendations

Refugees and Risk of Mental Illness & Suicide Rates

Refugees and Risk of Mental Illness & Suicide Rates

Nature of the issue

There is need to address refugees in Australia. Mental illnesses encompass a range of mental health conditions. Some of the major mental health disorders which afflict refugees include dementia, mood disorders, anxiety disorders, eating disorders, and among other psychotic disorders. If these disorders are not checked, they may increase suicides rates among the population. According to the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) (2011), an average of 2,000 Australians commits suicide every year. Among the high risks groups include those from culturally and linguistically diverse backgrounds. This means that based on the data collected over the past years, refugees are at a higher risk of committing suicide. Even though mental illness & suicide rates can affect the entire population, cultural influences have a perverse and profound impact on the outcomes of mental illnesses such as anxiety disorders and mood disorders. A significant number of refugees suffering from mental illness lack access to treatment or fail to seek treatment due to various reasons.

Outline the evidence base relating to this health indicator

Refugees from diverse backgrounds experience psychological distress due to various issues affecting them such as war, separation from family members and friends, physical change of place of residence and stress related to adapting to new cultures. Severe psychological distress affects their mental health which if not treated can lead to development of mental illnesses. According to Triggs (2013), closed detention leads to mental illnesses especially in children among immigrants and refugees in Australia. The research notes that there are increased cases of self-harm or suicide and mental illnesses among refugees held in detention centers. The research indicates that mental illnesses are the commonly reported ailments afflicting asylum seekers in Australia. The report also indicates that mental distress is positively correlated to refugees being held in concentration camps or detention centers. Mandatory detention for asylum seekers is seen as the major factor contributing to deterioration of their mental health.

Deans et al. (2013) conducted a detailed study into the forms of illnesses reported by refugees and immigrants in the Royal Darwin Hospital. The retrospective observational study was conducted over a one year period in 2011. According to the results, the emergency department wing of the hospital reported a total of 518 attendances by asylum seekers mainly from Afghanistan and Iran. A total of 187 refugees (24.3%) were diagnosed with mental health problems, 138 of them reporting incidences of self-harm. Mental health problems were recorded as the most prevalent among the refugees, with a diagnostic rate of 24.3% as earlier mentioned. Other studies also support the above results. Procter, Leo and Newman (2013) conducted a retrospective study into the causes of death among asylum seekers. The study found that suicide and self-harm were the major causes of death among asylum seekers.

Comparison between the chosen community and the general population

There is sufficient evidence indicating that refugees or asylum seekers are more likely to suffer from mental illness and attempt suicide compared to the general population. Refugees make up the vulnerable population in terms of mental health. Certain factors predispose them to mental illnesses and suicide. These factors include war, loss of loved ones, torture, changes in social-economic status, language barriers, and lack of employment and among other experiences which significantly contribute to development of mental health issues. On the other hand, the general population is not afflicted by such problems which translate to less mental health issues and cases of suicide. Refugees from conflict zones are often affected by posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) due to exposure to traumatic and life changing events. A meta-analysis conducted by Steel et al. (2009) indicated that about 40 percent of refugees from conflict zones experience PTSD symptoms.

Studies indicate that refugees are at a higher risk of suffering from mental health problems and end up in suicide compared to the general population. According to Steel (2009), studies involving refugees and the general population as the control group give substantial evidence on a higher prevalence of mental illnesses and cases of suicide among refugees. These trends were not only reported in Australia, but also across the entire world. The refugees are therefore vulnerable to mental illnesses due to their earlier encounters with traumatic events. The general population in Australia is less exposed to traumatic events and hence less mental health problems. In addition, it is comparatively difficult to address the health issues afflicting refugees compared to the general population. This is due to various challenges experienced in the process such as language barrier, discrimination and lack of adequate resources to seek help or specialized treatment.

How the aspect of diversity is impacting on these identified differentials

Diversity has a significant impact on the outcomes of health illnesses and cases of suicide in Australia. Culture plays a crucial role in the mentioned differential. Racial discrimination is one of the aspects that have a significant impact on the mental health of refugees. Racial discrimination occurs when an individual is treated differently due to their ethnic origin, race, descent, colour, and sometimes immigration status among other factors. Some cultures may label people from a different cultural background as inferior or develop stereotypes towards them. This has a negative effect on the mental health of those who are negatively stereotyped. Studies indicate that individuals who experience racial discrimination are likely to develop mental health problems due to the stress associated with the experiences. According to Irving & Mosca (2010), there is a link between racial discrimination and psychological distress. Racial discrimination leads to psychological distress which ultimately leads to anxiety and depression.

Other aspects of diversity such as language barriers also tremendously impact on the mental health of refugees. According to Steel et al. (2009), there are strong links between language barrier and the risks of experiencing stress and mental health problems. Adapting to new cultures can be a difficult experience to refugees. This is particularly so when there exist wide variations in the language, values, customs and cultural beliefs held by the two factions. Refugees who experience language barriers are likely to be socially isolated, which worsens their predicament. In addition, refugees with language challenges are less likely to seek help on their mental health problems.  It is difficult for majority of refugees to adopt the culture of the general population. These factors increase the risk of suicide among the refugees.  Refugees who receive community support are able to quickly integrate into the new culture due to the support they receive. Family cohesiveness is also important in reducing the risk of stress.

Different cultures respond to situations in various ways. Refugees suffering from mental illness are confronted by stigma which varies depending on the type of culture. Stigma is defined as disapproval or mark of shame attached upon some individuals in the community. Stigma has a significant impact on refugees suffering from mental health issues. Some cultures perceive mental health issues in a negative manner. Certain cultures associate mental health problems with witchcraft or curses. People suffering from mental health problems in such communities are afraid to come up in the open to receive treatment due to fear of being stigmatized. The different cultures affect the way refugees seek support services, and hence impact their health.

Potential causes of disparity between refugees and the general population

There are a number of reasons why there exists many disparities between refugees and the general population in Australia. Disparities existing between the two factions can be traced to the entire process of migration, personal factors and government policies relating to the well-being of refugees. These factors affect the health of the refugees as well as access to treatment facilities. Environmental determinants also potential causes of disparities between refugees and the general population. Language barriers area also potential causes of disparities. Refugees may at times find themselves in foreign countries where they do not understand the local dialect. This hinders their ability to obtain health services, engage in productive activities such as starting small businesses and hinders their ability to develop social relations with the local individuals. The different culture also causes disparities since refugees often experience culture shock. Refugees may take long to adapt to the local culture, hindering their ability to engage in meaningful tasks.

Refugees often live in marginal situations which significantly curtail their ability to gain financial independence. This means they are much vulnerable to unforeseen issues in the environment. Migrants lack the financial muscle required to start own businesses unlike the general population which have access to loans from banks and other financial institutions. It is difficult for refugees to acquire loans or funding for their businesses since they lack collateral for obtaining loans. This makes it difficult to start or expand businesses. According to Irving & Mosca (2010), refugees are discriminated against by the government during formulation of national policies. They are also disregarded in national exercises such as health data collection. This means that during the formulation of national health policies they are not taken into consideration. This contributes to disparities in the health of refugees and the general population. In addition, there is little research available on the health risks associated with refugees and in the challenges in general faced by refugee communities. Lack of relevant research hinders implementation of robust policies which can change the plight of refugees.

 

References

Australian Bureau of Statistics (2011). Causes of Death Australia, 2011. Retrieved from:             http://www.abs.gov.au

Deans, A. K., et al. (2013). Use of Royal Darwin Hospital emergency department by         immigration detainees in 2011. The Medical Journal of Australia, 199(11): 776 – 778.

Irving, G., & Mosca, D. (2010). Future Capacity Needs in Managing the Health Aspects of          Migration. Background Paper for World Migration Report 2010, International            Organization for Migration.

Procter, N. G., Leo, D. D., & Newman, L. (2013). Suicide and self-harm prevention for people in             immigration detention. The Medical Journal of Australia, 199(11): 730 – 732.

Steel, Z., Chey, T., Silove, D., Marnane, C., Bryant, R. A., & van Ommeren, M. (2009).   Association of torture and other potentially traumatic events with mental health outcomes             among 49 populations exposed to mass conflict and displacement: A systematic review     and meta-analysis. JAMA, 302, 537-549. doi: 10.1001/jama.2009.1132

Triggs, G. (2013). Mental health and immigration detention. The Medical Journal of Australia,    199(11): 721 – 723.

 

 

Can Americans understand the motivations of an Iraqi insurgent?

Question

In his lecture, sociologist Sam Richards (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. set a challenge: can Americans understand the motivations of an Iraqi insurgent? He gave his audience a taste of what C. W. Mills called the sociological imagination (a perspective that allows one to locate the structural transformations that lie behind one’s personal troubles).Use your sociological imagination to write an essay that highlights one cultural concept from three different sociological approaches (structural-functional, social-conflict, and symbolic-interactionsm).

 

Sociological Perspectives

Sociological approaches or theories enable sociologists to analyze social phenomena from multiple perspectives. Sociological theories are important as they help people explain and predict social phenomena. Sociological theories can enable sociologists to develop generalizations about social phenomena while at other times the theories enable sociologists to make specific observations about social phenomena (Stolley, 2005). Indeed, these theories are important in explaining social events at both the micro and macro levels. Theoretical perspectives also enable sociologists to understand how the society influences individual or how the people shape society. There are three main sociological perspectives: structural-functional, social-conflict, and symbolic-interactionism. This paper is an evaluation of one cultural concept from the three sociological perspectives.

It is possible to view the American culture from the three different sociological perspectives. The structural-functional perspective holds that the society comprises of interdependent parts and that each of these parts work together to achieve a state of balance or harmony (Holmes, Mooney, Knox, & Schacht, 2016). Through the interdependence of all parts of the society, a state of equilibrium ensues. Each part plays a critical role towards developing a state of equilibrium. The American culture has significant interdependence or interconnectedness among parts. For instance, the state depends on the family and vice versa. The state provides opportunities for education by developing and improving institutions. Children gain education from these institutions and later acquire jobs which helps sustain themselves. On the other hand, families pay taxes to the government. The government uses the money collected through taxation in developing institutions and improving the quality of education.

The social-conflict perspective holds that the society comprises of different groups or factions that are in constant struggle for power and resources (Holmes et al., 2016). The conflict perspective propounds the idea that certain groups in the community hold power and resources. The groups that hold power and resources benefit from the particular social arrangements in the society. On other hand, the groups that lack power and resources may challenge the status quo in order to effect social change. These groups may challenge the status quo through various means including conducting social revolutions (Stolley, 2005). Those who have power and control of resources effect social order upon the ordinary citizens or those in the lower class. For example, there have been historical struggles among African Americans to get equal rights as the Whites in the U.S. society. These struggles mirror class struggles since these groups largely belong to different social classes.

The symbolic-interactionism perspective holds that individuals create meaning through the symbols they come across in their everyday life as well as their interaction with others in the society (Holmes et al., 2016). The theory further holds that an individual’s identity develops through social interactions. Individuals develop a self-identity by interacting with others and observing how others view them. The symbolic-interactionist perspective holds that the manner in which others view one acts as a reflection of one’s self-identity (Holmes et al., 2016). People have different meanings for various symbols, and will conduct themselves as per their understanding of the symbols. For example, a ring on a finger could be a symbol of lifetime commitment between two individuals.

In summary, the three sociological perspectives help individuals view the social world from different viewpoints. The structural-functional perspective holds that the society comprises of interdependent parts that work together to achieve balance. On the other hand, the social-conflict perspective holds that the society comprises of different parts that are engaged in continuous competition or struggle for power and resources. The groups that lack power and resources challenge the status quo. The symbolic-interactionism holds that people develop meaning through symbolic interactions. The three approaches are critical in explaining social phenomena.

References

Holmes, M. M., Mooney, L. A., Knox, D., & Schacht, C. (2016). Understanding social    problems. Toronto: Nelson Education.

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Stolley, K. S. (2005). The basics of sociology. Westport, Conn: Greenwood Press.

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